Sport Specific Adaptation of the Self-Regulation Questionnaire Academic


Scoliers, G., Van Hoof, E., Meganck, J., Snauwaert, E., Desmadryl, J., Gansbeke, L., & Van Poucke, B.



The aim of this study is to explore differences between types of motivation in sport. We base our knowledge on two major sources of motivation: intrinsic (related to the inherent satisfaction of the activity itself) and extrinsic (related to the outcomes resulted of the activity). Self-Regulation Questionnaires on these motivational concepts were developed by Ryan and Connell (1989) to assess domain-specific individual differences in the types of motivation or regulation.


The SRQ-Academic is developed for late-elementary and middle school students, and concerns school work. Ryan and Connell (1989) created two versions of the SRQ-A; a standard version and a modification of the standard version, created for students with learning disabilities.


In our research we translated and adapted the second version of the SRQ-A for use with adolescent elite athletes in different sports. We used the five proposed subscales: extrinsic, introjected, identified, intrinsic motivation, and lack of alternatives. Data were collected from 224 elite athletes between the age of 14 and 18 in different sports areas and subsequently statistically processed. As hypothesises we expected differences in motivation types for gender, age, between individual and team sports, between hours of training, and between time engaged in their sport. We can conclude with our provisional results that there are no significant differences between adolescent elite athletes from different sports, age and gender on types of motivation. A possible explanation for this outcome is that the motivation types are not diametrical enough to distinguish small differences in adolescent elite athletes. Further research is warranted on this topic.






(Contacteer de eerste auteur voor reacties of voor verdere informatie)